Archive digitization



Aviation and Diplomacy

Frank Piasecki

NATO 1949-2009 Projekt ekspozycji w Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego w Krakowie



Polish Aviation Museum

31-864 Kraków,
al. Jana Pawła II 39
phone: (12) 640 99 60,
(12) 642 40 70
e-mail: info@muzeumlotnictwa.pl

a cultural institution of the Malopolska Region

Małopolska – Kraków Region


Patronage

Kraków Airport







Aeroplane: SEPECAT Jaguar GR.1

SEPECAT Jaguar GR.1
France / Great Britain
ground attack plane
1972



  • Technical data


Span 8.69 m
Length 16.8 m
Take-off weight 15,500 kg (41,998 lb)
Maximum speed 1700 km/h
Ceiling 14,300 m
Range 2820 km
Armament two 30 mm Aden cannons, and up to 4,540 kg (10,000 lb) of ordnance on four underwing and one ventral pylon (bombs, rocket launchers, guided rocket missiles, reconnaissance pods or additional fuel tanks)
Powerplant :
two Rolls Royce/Turbomeca Adour 104 turbofan engines rated at 35.75 kN

 

The Jaguar is an attack aircraft, designed during the 1960s by an Anglo – French consortium, responding for a demand of the French and Royal Air Force for a supersonic trainer and light attack aircraft. Due to similar requirements both countries decided for cooperation, establishing the SEPECAT (Société Européenne de Production de l'Avion d'École de Combat et d'Appui Tactique, European Company for Production of Combat Trainer and Tactical Support Aircraft) consortium in 1966. It was the second that type of common Anglo – French enterprise at that time (the first was the Concorde supersonic passenger aircraft). The design, according to the area rule, was based on French Breguet Br.121. The Rolls – Royce and Turbomeca companies undertook joint studies on the Adour engine intended for the new aircraft, which was named Jaguar. France and Great Britain had different requirements, so versions built for both countries had different equipment and armament. Aircraft in the trainer version built for France were designated Jaguar E, and in the combat version Jaguar A. British single seat aircraft were designated Jaguar S, and two seat – Jaguar B. The prototype first flew in 1968. Series production began in 1972 – the French version at Toulouse and the British version at Warton. In the wake of the fuel crisis after the Yom Kippur war in 1973 the interest in the trainer version declined, and the stress on production of the combat version grew. 160 aircraft in the combat version and 40 in the trainer version were built for France and 165 aircraft in the combat version (whose designation was altered to GR.1) and 38 in the trainer version (whose designation was altered to T.2)– for Great Britain. Aircraft of both countries were capable of carrying nuclear weapon. The British aircraft featured much more complex avionics than the French ones, like the Laser Rangefinder & Marked Target Seeker (LRMTS) mounted in the nose. Apart from France and Great Britain, the Jaguars were purchased by India, Ecuador, Oman and Nigeria.
The combat debut of the French Jaguars occurred in 1977 during the stabilization mission in Mauretania. Subsequently the French aircraft were used several times against rebels supported by Libya in Chad. The RAF Jaguars, based in the UK and West Germany had a vital role to play in fending off potential invasion of the Warsaw Pact forces on NATO countries. British and French aircraft took part in the Operation Desert Storm in Iraq in 1991 and stabilization missions over former Yugoslavia in the 1990s. The French Air Force retired the Jaguars in 2001. The British aircraft underwent several upgrades and remained in service till 2007.
Displayed aircraft, serial number XX 730 was built in 1974 and served with No. 6 RAF Squadron till 1985, and subsequently was used for ground instruction at Defence College of Aeronautical Engineering (DCAE) at Cosford.

Back



Dofinansowano ze środków Ministra Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego
© NeoServer 2009 -      - Polityka obsługi "ciasteczek" -