Polish Aviation Museum

31-864 Kraków,
al. Jana Pawła II 39
phone: (12) 640 99 60,
(12) 642 40 70
e-mail: info@muzeumlotnictwa.pl

a cultural institution of the Malopolska Region

Małopolska – Kraków Region

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Kraków Airport

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Aeroplane: De Havilland DH.112 Sea Venom

De Havilland DH.112 Sea Venom
Great Britain

  • Technical data

Span 13.09 m (42 ft 11 in)
Length 11.2 m (36 ft 7 in)
Take-off weight 6500 kg (14,270 lbs)
Maximum speed 925 km/h (575 mph)
Ceiling 15,000 m (49,200 ft)
Range 1600 km (1000 mi)
Armament 4x 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano Mk.V cannon; 8x RP-3 27 kg (60 lb) unguided rockets or 2x 450 kg (1000 lb) bombs
Powerplant :
Ghost 104 turbojet, rated at 4,950 lbf (22.0 kN)
Virtual tour :


The De Havilland DH.112 Venom is a combat jet aeroplane developed at De Havilland Aircraft Company from the earlier De Havilland Vampire. Polish aircraft engineer Stanisław Prauss made a significant contribution, who had resided in Great Britain since World War II. The prototype first flew on 2 September 1949 and in 1951 first examples of a single-seated fighter-bomber variant FB Mk.1 entered service with the RAF. In 1953 a two-seat night fighter variant was introduced, designated Venom NF Mk.2 with the crew consisting of a pilot and a radar operator. An improved NF Mk.3 variant followed, equipped with ejection seats, an upgraded Ghost 104 engine and a new American radar, APS-57. In total 849 "land" Venoms were manufactured in Great Britain with another 250 license-built in Switzerland.

The Sea Venom was a naval variant of Venom NF Mk.2 adapted for operating from aircraft carriers by the application of folding wing mechanism and a tailhook, engaging arresting lines stretched across the landing deck in order to decelerate rapidly the aircraft during landing. Wsiewołod Jakimiuk – another Polish aircraft designer was involved in the development of this version. First Sea Venom to enter production was the FAW Mk.20, an equivalent of the "land" Venom NF Mk.2. Next was the most produced variant designated the FAW Mk.21, an equivalent to Venom NF Mk.3, then its export variant for the Royal Australian Navy, the FAW Mk.53, and finally the FAW Mk.22, powered by an upgraded Ghost 105 engine with greater thrust. In addition, the Sea Venom was license-produced in France as SNCASE Aquilon (95 built).

The Sea Venom saw much service with the Fleet Air Arm in the 1950s. In October and November 1956, the aircraft of Nos. 809, 892 and 893 Squadrons FAA operating from HMS Albion and HMS Eagle aircraft carriers, took part in Operation Musketeer, an attempt, soon thwarted by the UN, to regain control over the Suez Canal after it had been nationalised by Egyptian government. The aeroplane went to action again in 1957 in Yemen and in 1958 on Cyprus. In 1959 the Sea Venom was already being replaced in combat units by De Havilland DH.110 Sea Vixen. A number of Sea Venoms were converted to electronic countermeasure aircraft designated ECM Mk.21 and Mk. 22. In second-line units the Sea Venom served as late as 1970.

The aircraft number XG613 served only for inflight tests, first at the De Havilland works. From 1958 was used for trials of disposable external tanks at Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment, Boscombe Down and during 1960–69 period at Royal Aircraft Establishment, Bedford. In 1969 it was donated to the Imperial War Museum. It was displayed for two years with the Shuttleworth Collection, Old Warden, before being moved to Duxford. In 2012 the example was sold to the Polish Aviation Museum, reaching Kraków in May 2013.


Dofinansowano ze środków Ministra Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego
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