Polish Aviation Museum

31-864 Kraków,
al. Jana Pawła II 39
phone: (12) 640 99 60,
(12) 642 40 70
e-mail: info@muzeumlotnictwa.pl

a cultural institution of the Malopolska Region

Małopolska – Kraków Region

Mecenas Muzeum

Kraków Airport

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Skrzydlata Polska

Aeroplane: EM-10 Bielik (mock-up)

EM-10 Bielik (mock-up)
advanced trainer

  • Technical data

Span 6.6 m (21 ft 7 in)
Length 9.0 m (29 ft 6 in)
Take-off weight 2,500 kg (5,512 lb)
Maximum speed 1,000 kph (540 kt / 621 mph)
Range 2,500 km (1553 mi / 1350 NM)
Armament weapons' simulation system
Powerplant :
(in the prototype) a General Electric J-85 turbojet rated at 1,380 kG of thrust


A pre-prototype mockup of a composite jet trainer.

In 1997 at engineer Edward Marganski’s company the concept of a composite jet trainer was born. The design drew on the composite gliders of Mr. Marganski's own making and the research conducted at PZL Mielec on the supersonic M-16 project. The aircraft was intended not only for training, but also for simulated combat use (due to restrictions in weight, the EM-11 would not carry weapons, istead simulating their use by means of electronic devices).

Within two years the aerodynamic concept was worked out with significant help from engineer Krzysztof Kubala PhD. Already in May 1999, the full scale mock-up was presented to the members of the National Aviation Council together with the scheme for simulated combat use.

After collecting funds sufficient for such an advanced project, the building of the prototype started. Problems with finding suitable engine delayed the roll-out. In the meantime, the name of the aircraft changed from the Iskra (spark) II, to Bielik (white-tailed eagle). The Bielik fist flew on June 4, 2003 piloted by Wieslaw Cena. The prototype was powered with the General Electric J-85 engine, rated at 1380 kG of thrust. In serial aircraft, an engine up to 1800 kG of thrust, equipped with simple vector steering system was envisaged.

The aircraft was to be produced in two versions: the military version for the basic and advanced training, aerobatics, navigation and low altitude flights - equipped with virtual combat system. The civil version was intended for aerobatics and mid-range low-altitude flights.

The Bielik was the first jet in Poland to be designed by a private company. Serial production did not materialize, however. The mock-up was donated by Mr. Edward Marganski in 2002.


Dofinansowano ze środków Ministra Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego
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