Archive digitization



Aviation and Diplomacy

Frank Piasecki

NATO 1949-2009 Projekt ekspozycji w Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego w Krakowie



Polish Aviation Museum

31-864 Kraków,
al. Jana Pawła II 39
phone: (12) 640 99 60,
(12) 642 40 70
e-mail: info@muzeumlotnictwa.pl

a cultural institution of the Malopolska Region

Małopolska – Kraków Region


Patronage

Kraków Airport







Aeroplane: Aviatik C.III

Aviatik C.III
Germany
reconnaissance plane
1917



  • Technical data


Span 11.8 m
Length 8.1 m
Take-off weight 1314 kg
Maximum speed 160 km/h
Ceiling 4500 m
Range 3 hours
Armament One 7.92 mm Parabellum machine gun on ring mount
Powerplant :
6-cylinder inline Mercedes D.III, 160 hp (118 kW)
Virtual tour :

 

Military intelligence is a base of any planned measure in strategy. The First World War created the new realities of the battlefield – appearance of the static frontline.
As a result, the former use of the cavalry scout patrols as the fastest of weapons, became doubtful. In the opinion of the strategists, the aircraft was an excellent substitute for a cavalry squadron.

The reconnaissance aircraft Aviatik C.III was designed in 1916 at the Aviatik Flugzeugwerke works in Leipzig, and was an improved variant of the earlier, C.I version used by the German aviation since 1915. The C.III, similar to the C.I version was not produced in great numbers – only 80 aircraft were built in the years 1916–1918. It was caused by the decision of the last months of 1916, to switch the factory's industrial capabilities to the licence production of a more modern and more useful DFW C.V.

The Aviatik C.III airframes differed from the earlier versions in having an improved front fairing; a propeller spinner and radio equipment were also added. During World War I, the Aviatik C.III aircraft were used in the German aviation units as reconnaissance machines and occasionally as escorts.

In 1919, 7 Aviatik aircraft were commandeered by Polish military authorities on the ex-Prussian annexed territories, 3 of which were subsequently handed over to the Pilot's School in Poznań. Flying the 12342/17 aircraft, f/lt Wiktor Lang fatally crashed on the 4th of February 1920. The remaining 4 aircraft probably were never used.

The exhibited C12250/17 fuselage of the single-engine, all-wooden Aviatik C.III biplane comes from 1917 and remains the only survivor in the world. Discovered during restoration, remains of a radio installation prove the service of the aircraft at a radio operators' school, or as a reconnaissance plane on the Western Front.


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Dofinansowano ze środków Ministra Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego
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